Erongaricuaro, which means "place of waiting" or "place of the watchtower" in the Purhépecha language, is a mestizo village in the state of Michoacán, Mexico. It is located about an hour and a half drive from Morelia and Uruapan, and just 20 minutes from the famous colonial town of Patzcuaro. The estimated population is 5,000 people.
Eronga, lies just across Lake Pátzcuaro from Pátzcuaro and the farthest Left Bank of the Lake. The native Purhépecha from the pueblos near Eronga come to market day on Tuesdays. This ancient town was one of the critical trade points for the Purhepecha empire. Friendly to outsiders, Eronga has hosted artists such as Frida Kahlo and Diego Rivera along with the fathers of surrealism, Andre Breton and Leon Trotsky. Former president Lazaro Cardenas used it as his hideway across the lake before the road arrived to Eronga. Today Eronga hosts expatriates from Argentina, the United States, France, Germany, Switzerland, and Italy.
The lively Eronga plaza has many exotic trees displaying the area's tolerant climate.
Altitude above sea level: 2,080 meters or 6824 feet
Temperature: Maximum 24°C or 75°F; Minimum 6°C or 43°F
Erongarícuaro is hidden high in the mountains of Michoacán. To the East is Lake Pátzcuaro, one of Mexico's highest lakes.
The town retains its ancient atmosphere. It consists of largely one-story adobe or plaster-over-brick buildings with red tile roofs. The streets are dusty cobblestones traveled by horse and car. The plaza has a fountain, stage and amazing collection of trees. Wandering the streets uphill, there is a cemetery and a chapel.
The pretty Purhepecha village of Eronga lies on the west side of the lake about 17km/11mi from Pátzcuaro. During the Second World War a group of French Surrealists found refuge in Eronga.
Notable residents of Eronga
Lázaro Cárdenas The popular President of Mexico, was rumored to take his boat across the lake where no road reached. He began from his large mansion in Patzcuaro, which now houses CREFAL and upon reaching Erongaricauro was free to make fiestas with his girlfriends in Mansion Las Rosas, right on the plaza.
During Mexico's postwar art scene:
Trotsky, Frida Kahlo, Diego Rivera, Jean Charlot, Andre Breton.
Roberto Matta, Remedios Varo, Esteban Francis, Pierre Mabille, Benjamin Péret
Gordon Onslow Fordand his wife Jacqueline Johnson, an American writer.
Peruvian poet César Moro, anthropologist Miguel Covarrubias, painter Carlos Mérida
Surrealist painter Wolfgang Paalen with painter and poet Alice Rahon, and photographer Eva Sulzer.
Don’t miss these Eronga attractions:
The furniture factory.
The Church The naturalistic crucifix above the altar is known locally as 'El Señor de la Misericordia'. It is an example of 16th century "Pidgin Plateresque" architecture, a style unique to highland Michoacán.
The large plaza hosts large Banda concerts.
Monastery. The Church and monastery was founded by the Franciscans. Occasionally the door to the seminary is open and you can see the gardens and views of the lake. Occasional concerts.